Now that negative numbers have been introduced, we can start to use graphs with coordinate axes which have both positive and negative numbers on them. The negative numbers appear to the left of and below the centre of the graph (the origin). The positive numbers are to the right of and above the origin, as before.
The coordinates of point A are ( - 4 , 2 ). This can be explained as follows:
Look at the dotted lines from the point A to to the two axes. They meet the x-axis at - 4 and the y-axis at 2, so the coordinates of A are ( - 4 , 2 ). Check for yourself that the coordinates of the point B are ( - 2 , - 4 ). Remember the x-coordinate always appears first. Some people prefer to think of the negative coordinates as going in the opposite direction, starting from the origin; a negative x-coordinate goes left instead of right and a negative y-coordinate goes down instead of up. You may find it helpful to think about it in this way. |
Question 1
Look at the map of Paradise Island on the grid below and answer the questions on the right.
Question 2 The map below shows another small island. |
In the next question you are going to plot some points on a set of axes. You click on the graph to plot a point using the coordinates in the table on the left. Then you check to see if you have plotted the point correctly by clicking on the button. If you plotted the point correctly, it will be ticked and will appear. If you see a cross on the point then you have made a mistake and must try again. You can remove points you have plotted incorrectly by clicking on them for a second time.
Question 3
Plot the sixteen points in the table below on this graph:
Question 4
The picture below shows a giant chess board that has been drawn on the surface of a playground.
An x-axis and a y-axis have been marked on with each going from - 8 to + 8.