# Unit 18 Section 4 : Comparing Data

In this section we consider how averages and the range can be used to compare sets of data.

## Example Questions

Work out the answer to each of these questions then click on the button marked to see whether you are correct.

Example Question 1
The two line diagrams below illustrate data that was collected about the scores of two groups of children in a short test.

(a) What is the mode for group A?

(b) What is the mode for group B?

(c) What is the range for group A?

(d) What is the range for group B?

(e) Which class did worse in the test?

(f) Which class had more varied results?

Example Question 2
Kathryn plants two different types of tomato plant. She records the number of tomatoes that she picks from each plant every day for 10 days. Her records are shown below:

(a) Calculate the mean for Plant A

(b) Calculate the mean for Plant B

(c) Calculate the range for Plant A

(d) Calculate the range for Plant B

(e) Which plant produces more tomatoes on average?

(f) Which plant has the more consistent yield of tomatoes?

## Exercises

Work out the answers to the questions below and fill in the boxes. Click on the button to find out whether you have answered correctly. If you are right then will appear and you should move on to the next question. If appears then your answer is wrong. Click on to clear your original answer and have another go. If you can't work out the right answer then click on to see the answer.

Question 1
Calculate the mean and range of these two data sets, and use them to make a comparison between the two sets.

 (a) Mean of set A (b) Mean of set B (c) Range of set A (d) Range of set B (e) Which set has higher values on average? Set A Set B Both are the same (f) Which set has more varied data? Set A Set B Both are the same
Question 2
Calculate the mean and range of these two data sets, and use them to make a comparison between the two sets.

 (a) Mean of set A (b) Mean of set B (c) Range of set A (d) Range of set B (e) Which set has higher values on average? Set A Set B Both are the same (f) Which set has more varied data? Set A Set B Both are the same
Question 3
Calculate the mean and range of these two data sets, and use them to make a comparison between the two sets.

 (a) Mean of set A (b) Mean of set B (c) Range of set A (d) Range of set B (e) Which set has lower values on average? Set A Set B Both are the same (f) Which set has more consistent data? Set A Set B Both are the same
Question 4
Roy and Frank are second-hand car salesmen. The following vertical line diagrams show how many cars they have sold per week over a period of time.

 (a) What is the mode for Roy? (b) What is the mode for Frank (c) What is the range for Roy? (d) What is the range for Frank? (e) Who has sold most cars overall? Roy Frank Both are the same (f) Which salesman is more consistent? Roy Frank Both are the same
Question 5
Miss Sharp's class decide to have a spelling competition with Mr Berry's class.
They have a test and the scores for each class are listed below.

 (a) What is the mean for Miss Sharp's class? (b) What is the mean for Mr. Berry's class? (c) What is the range for Miss Sharp's class? (d) What is the range for Mr. Berry's class? (e) Whose class was better at spelling? Miss Sharp Mr. Berry Both are the same (f) Whose class produced more consistent results? Miss Sharp Mr. Berry Both are the same
Question 6
A bus company keeps records of the number of buses that were late each day in February and in July in the same year:

Calculate the mean, median, mode and range for each of the two months, and fill in the table below.
Give the mean accurate to 1 decimal place.

 Mean (1dp) Median Mode Range February July
 In which month was the service better in general? February July Both are the same Which of these is most likely to explain the improvement? More people travelling in July Better weather conditions in July The buses were repainted in March None of the above

You have now completed Unit 18 Section 4
 Your overall score for this section is Correct Answers You answered questions correctly out of the questions in this section. Incorrect Answers There were questions where you used the Tell Me button. There were questions with wrong answers. There were questions you didn't attempt.
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